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Amazon Business Intelligence Engineer Interview Guide

Careerflow Team

It's not simple to land a job at Amazon as a business intelligence engineer. There are many candidates fighting for the desired position, therefore it's important to be confident and well-prepared for the interview process. We'll provide you with priceless advice, pointers, and techniques in this comprehensive guide to help you ace the Amazon Business Intelligence Engineer interview. Every step of the way, from typical interview questions to SQL problems, we have you covered. Our goal is for you to walk into those interviews feeling empowered, knowledgeable, and ready to highlight precisely why you are the ideal candidate to take this opportunity and run with it.

With the right focus and strategic skills building, joining the prestigious ranks at Amazon as a Business Intelligence Engineer is well within your reach. Let's get started and make sure you have all the resources necessary to be successful in this cutthroat industry.

Let's get started on your journey to landing this dream job😎!

Understanding The Role of a Business Intelligence Engineer at Amazon

Before diving into the interview preparation process, it's essential to have a clear understanding of the role you are applying for. As a Business Intelligence Engineer (BIE) at Amazon, you will play a significant role in extracting, analyzing, and interpreting data to provide valuable insights for the company's decision-making process. Your main responsibilities include gathering business requirements, designing and implementing data models, creating data pipelines, and developing analytical solutions.

Moreover, BIEs at Amazon need to demonstrate strong technical skills, and  proficiency in SQL, data visualization tools, and programming languages such as Python or R. As a BI Engineer, you are responsible for smartly analyzing data to power functions like automated inventory management and transportation risk compliance. Great responsibility comes with ensuring strong analytical skills, knowledge of tools like Tableau and QlikSense, and staying up-to-date on the latest data science technologies. Understanding cloud technologies like AWS and big data concepts is also crucial for success in this role.

Amazon Business Intelligence Engineer Responsibilities

  • Design, develop, and maintain data pipelines and data warehouses
  • Analyze and visualize data to identify trends and patterns
  • Build and deploy data-driven dashboards and reports
  • Work with stakeholders to understand their data needs and deliver insights that can help them make better decisions
  • Collaborate with other engineers to ensure that data is integrated and accessible across the organization

Amazon Business Intelligence Engineer Salary

The average salary for an Amazon Business Intelligence Engineer in the United States is $130,000 per year. Salary levels, however, might differ based on a number of criteria, including area and experience.

Amazon Business Intelligence Engineer Career Path

Amazon Business Intelligence Engineers can have a variety of career paths. They can move into more senior positions, such as Data Architect or Data Scientist. They can also move into management roles, such as Data Engineering Manager or Director of Data Engineering.

Skills and Qualifications Needed For The Role

To succeed as a Business Intelligence Engineer (BIE) at Amazon, there are specific skills and qualifications you need to possess. These will not only help you stand out during the interview process but also excel in your role once hired.

  • First and foremost, you must have a strong foundation in data analysis and interpretation. 
  • This includes proficiency in SQL, as it is the language you will use to query and manipulate data. Additionally, knowledge of programming languages such as Python or R is essential for performing advanced statistical analysis and data modeling.
  • In the realm of data visualization, experience with tools like Tableau or Power BI is highly valued. Being able to present data in a visually appealing and easily understandable format will allow you to effectively communicate insights to stakeholders.
  • Lastly, a good understanding of cloud technologies, particularly AWS, is crucial. Amazon relies heavily on cloud services, and having expertise in this area will help you navigate and leverage the company's vast data infrastructure.

By honing these skills and qualifications, you'll position yourself as a strong candidate for a Business Intelligence Engineer role at Amazon. In the next section, we'll discuss how to showcase these skills during the interview process.

Researching Amazon's Interview Process

Before diving into the interview process, it's crucial to familiarize yourself with Amazon's interview format and structure. Understanding what to expect will allow you to prepare effectively and navigate the process with confidence. Amazon has a rigorous interview process with multiple rounds, including phone screenings, technical interviews, behavioral interviews, and sometimes even a hiring manager round. Each round aims to assess different aspects of your abilities and fit for the role.

It's important to note that Amazon follows a principles-based leadership approach, which means they prioritize specific leadership principles during the interview. These principles include customer obsession, ownership, bias for action, and many more.

The Amazon BIE Interview Process

The interview process for this role at Amazon consists of five main rounds:

Technical Phone Screen: The technical interview is a crucial part of the Amazon Business Intelligence Engineer interview process. This round aims to evaluate your technical skills, problem-solving abilities, and understanding of data analysis and engineering concepts. This initial 40-minute video call focuses on 5-6 technical and behavioral questions to assess SQL skills, data modeling/warehousing knowledge, coding abilities, and cultural fit.

Hiring Manager Screen: The second phone screen centers more on leadership competencies and how you've handled past work challenges. This is your chance to highlight strong problem-solving and decision-making skills.

Onsite Interviews: Expect a full day of five interviews covering technical topics like SQL, data visualization, and ETL processes, as well as leadership behaviors and how you strive to meet/exceed goals. Interviews will be with BI Engineers, managers, analysts, and data scientists.

Bar Raiser Round: As the culminating interview, the bar raiser session comprehensively evaluates 14 Amazon's leadership potential. This interviewer rigorously tests how well you motivate and influence others, make difficult decisions, and demonstrate the innovation needed to thrive at Amazon.

Data Scientist Round: This interview shifts focus to potential business impact - how analytical skills can directly optimize outcomes. Interviewers envision your work contributions and probe innovative ideas, calculated risks taken, and data-driven problem-solving under realistic constraints.

Throughout, interviewers want to see solid analytical thinking, a mastery of business intelligence tools, and examples of working well independently and in teams. Be prepared to provide detailed examples from your background to demonstrate your fit.

Hierarchy of Amazon Amazon BI Engineer Interview Process

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Preparing for Technical Interviews

The technical interview is a crucial part of the Amazon Business Intelligence Engineer interview process. This round aims to evaluate your technical skills, problem-solving abilities, and understanding of data analysis and engineering concepts.

To excel in the technical interview, start by reviewing and brushing up on the core concepts and tools commonly used in the field of business intelligence engineering. Focus on topics such as SQL, Data Analytics, ETL tools, Data Visualization, Statistics, Python, and Tableau/Quicksight or other similar tools.

Here we have curated a few sample questions for each topic, I might help you in preparation.

5 SQL Questions For Amazon BIE

  1. Query an order table to find the total revenue by country for a given year. Break down the results by month as well.
  2. An order table contains customer IDs, order dates, product IDs, and quantities. Write a query to find the top 3 selling products overall.
  3. Given invoice tables for multiple years, write a query to find the customers with the highest lifetime spend.
  4. An inventory table has records for each product's warehouse location and quantity on hand. Write a query to identify which warehouses have less than a 1 month supply of any given product.
  5. A customer table has demographic info like age, location, date joined, etc. A separate orders table has order details. Write a query to determine the average order value for customers in different age ranges. Use joins to combine data from both tables.

5 Data Analytics Questions For Amazon BIE

  1. What are the different types of data analytics and their use cases?
  2. How would you analyze and segment customer data to better understand and target Amazon's diverse customer base?
  3. Describe how you would perform cohort analysis and its potential impact on a company's strategy. Provide a real-world example if possible.
  4. Can you describe a time when you used data analytics to solve a challenging business problem?
  5. What are your thoughts on the future of data analytics?

5 ETL tools Questions For Amazon BIE

  1. What experience do you have with using ETL tools in a production environment?
  2. Can you describe a time when you used ETL tools to solve a challenging data integration problem?
  3. How would you approach using ETL tools to integrate data from a variety of sources, such as a relational database, a cloud storage platform, and a web API?
  4. How would you use ETL tools to transform data into a format that is compatible with a data warehouse and other analytics tools?
  5. How would you use ETL tools to load data into a data warehouse and other analytics tools in a timely and efficient manner?

5 Data Visualization Questions For Amazon BIE

  1. What are the different types of data visualizations and their use cases?
  2. Which fundamentals are necessary for a successful data visualization?
  3. Can you describe a time when you used data visualization to communicate a complex data story in a clear and concise way?
  4. How can data visualization be used to communicate outliers and anomalies in data?
  5. How can data visualization be used to make data more accessible and engaging for a variety of audiences?

5 Statistics Questions For Amazon BIE

  1. What are the different types of statistical methods and their use cases?
  2. How can statistics be used to improve business performance?
  3. Can you describe a time when you used statistics to solve a challenging business problem?
  4. What are your thoughts on the importance of experimental design in statistics?
  5. How can statistics be used to communicate complex data findings to a variety of audiences?

5 Python Questions For Amazon BIE

  1. Describe the variations between Python 3 and Python 2. How does Amazon's transition to Python 3 impact Business Intelligence tasks?
  2. Can you provide an example of how you would use Pandas to clean and preprocess a large dataset for analysis in Amazon's data ecosystem?
  3. How would you handle missing data in a dataset using Python, and why is it important in the context of Business Intelligence?
  4. Describe a situation where you had to optimize Python code for performance. What techniques did you use, and how would you apply them to Amazon's BI tasks?
  5. Amazon's data warehouses handle massive amounts of data. Explain how you would use Python to extract, transform, and load (ETL) this data for Business Intelligence purposes. What libraries or tools would you leverage, and why?

5 Tableau/Quicksight Questions For Amazon BIE

  1. Can you explain the key differences between Tableau and Amazon QuickSight? How would you decide when to use one tool over the other for a specific BI project at Amazon?
  2. Describe a challenging project where you used Tableau or Amazon QuickSight to create meaningful visualizations and dashboards. What was the business impact of your work?
  3. How do you ensure data security and compliance when sharing sensitive business intelligence reports or dashboards with stakeholders within Amazon using Tableau or QuickSight?
  4. In a real-time monitoring scenario, how would you use Tableau or QuickSight to track key performance indicators (KPIs) for Amazon's e-commerce platform? What data sources and visualization techniques would you employ?
  5. Amazon has a massive amount of data. How do you approach data extraction, transformation, and loading (ETL) processes for Tableau or QuickSight to ensure optimal performance and accuracy in your BI projects?

Navigating Behavioral Interviews

While technical skills are important, Amazon also places a strong emphasis on assessing a candidate's behavioral fit for the company. The behavioral interview is designed to gauge your soft skills, such as teamwork, leadership, problem-solving, and customer obsession.

To excel in the behavioral interview, it is essential to prepare by familiarizing yourself with Amazon's Leadership Principles. These principles are the foundation of Amazon's culture and serve as a guide for decision-making and problem-solving within the company. Take the time to understand each principle and think of concrete examples from your past experiences that demonstrate how you embody these principles.

During the interview, be prepared to share stories where you effectively applied these principles to achieve positive outcomes. To ensure that your responses are concise and easy to understand, organize them using the STAR technique (Situation, Task, Action, Result).

Mastering the STAR method

The STAR method is a proven technique for structuring your responses during behavioral interviews. By following this method, you can deliver clear and concise answers that effectively showcase your skills and experiences.

#1 Situation: Start by setting the stage for your story. Briefly describe the context and the challenge you faced. Provide enough details to provide a clear understanding of the situation.

#2 Task: Outline the specific task or goal you need to accomplish. Clearly articulate what was expected of you and what you were responsible for.

#3 Action: Describe the actions you took to address the situation and achieve the task. Focus on your individual contribution and highlight the skills and competencies you utilized.

#4 Result: Share the outcome of your actions. Quantify the impact whenever possible and emphasize the positive results you achieved. If there were any learnings or areas for improvement, be sure to mention them as well.

Practice telling your stories using the STAR method to ensure your responses are structured and impactful. By doing so, you will impress the interviewers with your ability to effectively communicate your experiences and achievements.

Read here:  How to use ChatGPT to Prepare for Behavioral Interviews

Top 10 Behavioural Questions For Amazon BIE

  1. Can you describe a situation where you had to work under tight deadlines to complete a project or analysis?
  2. Tell me about a time when you faced a major challenge in a data analysis project. How did you address and get past this challenge?
  3. Can you provide an example of a project where you worked collaboratively with cross-functional teams to achieve a common goal in the area of business intelligence?
  4. Describe a situation where you had to communicate complex data or analysis findings to non-technical stakeholders.
  5. Can you talk about a time when you identified an opportunity to improve data quality or data governance in a previous role?
  6. Tell me about a project where you had to analyze large datasets to draw actionable insights.
  7. Can you share an example of a situation where you had to adapt to unexpected changes or shifts in project priorities?
  8. Describe a time when you successfully identified a recurring business problem through data analysis and implemented a long-term solution.
  9. Can you talk about a project where you had to make a recommendation based on data analysis, and it was met with resistance from others?
  10. Tell me about a time when you mentored or trained a colleague or team member in data analysis or BI techniques.


In conclusion, nailing your Amazon Business Intelligence Engineer interview requires dedication, preparation, and a strong understanding of the company and role you are applying for. By following the steps outlined in this guide, which include researching the company, reviewing the job description, brushing up on technical skills, practicing system design questions, developing a portfolio, and rehearsing behavioral questions, you will give yourself the best possible chance of success.

Remember, the interview is your opportunity to showcase your expertise in technical areas😎, demonstrate problem-solving abilities, and exhibit alignment with Amazon's culture. Taking the time to thoroughly prepare will put you ahead of the competition and increase your chances of securcaing your dream role as an Amazon Business Intelligence Engineer.

Careerflow hope that this guide has provided you with valuable insights and tools to succeed in your interview. 

Best of luck on your journey to joining the Amazon team✨!

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